Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI)
The Subsidiary Body for Implementation (the SBI) meets at least twice a year to assess and review the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), by providing advice to the Conference of the Parties (COP) on national communications submitted by Parties, as well as financial and administrative matters. Its role is set out in Article 10 of the UNFCCC:
- A subsidiary body for implementation is hereby established to assist the Conference of the Parties in the assessment and review of the effective implementation of the Convention. This body shall be open to participation by all Parties and comprise government representatives who are experts on matters related to climate change. It shall report regularly to the Conference of the Parties on all aspects of its work.
- Under the guidance of the Conference of the Parties, this body shall:
- Consider the information communicated in accordance with Article 12, paragraph 1, to assess the overall aggregated effect of the steps taken by the Parties in the light of the latest scientific assessments concerning climate change;
- Consider the information communicated in accordance with Article 12, paragraph 2, in order to assist the Conference of the Parties in carrying out the reviews required by Article 4, paragraph 2(d); and
- Assist the Conference of the Parties, as appropriate, in the preparation and implementation of its decisions (UNFCCC, Article 10).